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Download God and Stephen Hawking: Whose Design Is It Anyway? epub

by John C Lennox




'The Grand Design', by eminent scientist Stephen Hawking, is the latest blockbusting contribution to the so-called New Atheist debate, and claims that the laws of physics themselves brought the Universe into being, rather than God. In this swift and forthright reply, John Lennox, Oxford mathematician and author of 'God's Undertaker', exposes the flaws in Hawking's logic. In lively, layman's terms, Lennox guides us through the key points in Hawking's arguments - with clear explanations of the latest scientific and philosophical methods and theories - and demonstrates that far from disproving a Creator God, they make his existence seem all the more probable.
Download God and Stephen Hawking: Whose Design Is It Anyway? epub
ISBN: 0745955495
ISBN13: 978-0745955490
Category: Religion
Subcategory: Religious Studies
Author: John C Lennox
Language: English
Publisher: Lion Hudson; New edition edition (January 21, 2011)
Pages: 96 pages
ePUB size: 1291 kb
FB2 size: 1713 kb
Rating: 4.7
Votes: 257
Other Formats: lit docx rtf txt

Ustamya
John Lennox is professor of Mathematics at Oxford, and has written many other books of Christian apologetics, such as God's Undertaker: Has Science Buried God?,Gunning for God: Why the New Atheists are Missing the Target, etc., and has participated in a number of debates with famous atheists such as Has Science Buried God?,The God Delusion Debate, etc.

He wrote in the Preface to this 2011 response to Stephen Hawking's book The Grand Design, "I have written this short book in the hope that it will assist my readers to understand some of the most important issues that lie at the heart of the contemporary debate about God and science."

Later, he explains, "In this book I wish to engage in the main not with Hawking's science but with what he deduces from it regarding the existence, or rather the non-existence, of God. Although Hawking's argument, that science shows God is unnecessary, has been hailed as ground-breaking, it is hardly new... Indeed, it is difficult at first glance to see quite how this new book adds much to what Hawking wrote in `A Brief History of Time.'" (Pg. 17)

He observes about Hawking's "philosophy is dead" assertion, "it constitutes rather disturbing evidence that... Hawking himself, has not even kept up with philosophy sufficiently to realize that he himself is engaging in it throughout his book... Hawking's statement about philosophy is itself a philosophical statement. It is manifestly not a statement of science: it is a metaphysical statement about science... It is a classic example of logical incoherence." (Pg. 18)

He comments on Hawking's statement "the universe can and will create itself from nothing": "It is seldom that one finds in a single statement two distinct levels of contradiction, but Hawking appears to have constructed such a statement. He says the universe comes from a nothing that turns out to be a something (self-contradiction number one), and then he says the universe creates itself (self-contradiction number two)... His notion that a law of nature (gravity) explains the existence of the universe is also self-contradictory, since a law of nature, by definition, surely depends for its own existence on the prior existence of the nature it purports to describe." (Pg. 31)

He suggests, "Science, according to many scientists, concentrates essentially on material causation. It asks the `how' questions: how does the jet engine work? It also asks the `why' question regarding function: why is this pipe here? But it does not ask the `why' question of purpose: why was the jet engine built?" (Pg. 38)

He observes, "belief in God seems to be a much more rational option, if the alternative is to believe that every other universe that can possibly exist does exist: including one in which Richard Dawkins is the Archbishop of Canterbury, Christopher Hitchens the Pope, and Billy Graham has just been voted the atheist of the year!" (Pg. 50-51)

He points out, "even if it is true, M-theory [multiple-universe theory] itself doesn't create a single one of those universes. What Hawking says is: `The laws of M-theory allow for different universes with different apparent laws.' `Allow for' is one thing, `create' is something completely different. A theory that allows for many universes is not the same as an agent who designed them, or a mechanism that produces them." (Pg. 51-52) Later, he adds, "Accounting for the fine-tuning of the cosmos by postulating one intelligent Creator seems much more elegant and economical than postulating ... [nearly infinite] universes that are unobservable by us, and is surely a much better `model.'" (Pg. 56)

Of Hawking's observation, "the question has merely been deflected to that of who created God," he says, "by Hawking's own argument the question has merely been deflected to: who created the law of gravity? And this is a question that he does not answer. Hawking ... serves only to reveal the inadequacy of his concept of God. To ask the question who CREATED God logically presupposes that God is a created entity. That is certainly not the Christian... concept of God. God is eternal... To ask who created him is to show that one does not understand the nature of his being." (Pg. 68) Later, he adds, "is it not rather odd that Hawking believes in the multiverse and rejects miracles? Isn't the whole point about multiverses to have enough universes around to ensure that ANYTHING can happen?" (Pg. 92)

He concludes, "Science and history are not the only sources of evidence for the existence of God. Since God is a Person and not a theory, it is to be expected that one of the prime evidences for his existence is personal experience... I wish to add my voice to the many millions who can and would testify to the profound and central role that faith in Christ as Lord has on our lives... Such a hope defies both the death barrier and Hawking's bleak reductionist notion that we are nothing more than a random collection of molecules derived from the stars. We shall, in fact, outlast the stars." (Pg. 94)

Lennox's book was cited in the recent movie God's Not Dead. It isn't likely to convince many of Hawking's supporters, and the Christian focus of many of his arguments will likewise not move many with a more "deistic" orientation toward God. But his brief book is an excellent and thought-provoking critique of many of the excesses of Hawking's own book.
Kiaile
This book is a fantastic and a complete rebuttal of hawking's theory of "infinite, alternate universes" (which are of course "undetectable") proposed by a man who desperately needs to deal with the mathematical odds on how life began. The odds are so impossible that life could have begun from inanimate chemicals here in *this* universe that hawking has concluded that there must be infinite, undetectable alternate universes, which of course, increase the probability resources necessary for what he wishes to be true.

John Lennox dashes these hopes with *real* science, sorry hawking. And also sorry dawkins whose screeching has reached a crescendo, but it is just that: "screeching". No science, so: sorry dawkins as well.

Very well done and very well written. Short and always to the point, John C. Lennox is fast becoming my new favorite author on this topic.

Any of the curious should go and see John's debate videos on youtube, he leaves no doubt and I do enjoy his Irish accent and sweet demeanor.
Hirah
A short and concise book…96 pages…that analyses the thinking of Stephen Hawking in the debate between science and Christianity…in terms of design versus materialistic naturalism.

Lennox makes a compelling case for design…having the mathematics credentials as a professor in mathematics at Oxford…and two other PhD’s in philosophy and science…to be able to take apart the theories of Hawking on an equal standing as a scientist.

A very readable book accessible to the general public, while still tackling the most difficult issues in this critically important cultural, social, scientific, and theological question.
Ubrise
Hawking's last book was a bestseller, but unlike the others, it was not without many critics. Instead of continuing to show the world the wonders of physics, he dived into metaphysics. Lennox shows here how Hawking, so desperate to twist science to agree with his philosophical beliefs, commits one contradictory or unscientific statement after another. And Lennox isn't just attacking Hawking, this is a reasoned critique of one scholar by another. It's too bad Hawking has abandoned good science. His earlier books still stand as some of the best, but now he's on a quest to justify his beliefs, no matter what. For more on science and God see, Beyond the Cosmos,Why the Universe Is the Way It Is and The Creator and the Cosmos.
Mananara
Can science really answer the deepest questions humans ask? John C. Lennox does not seem to think science can and I'd have to agree with him. In this book he takes on the most famous scientist in the world, Stephen Hawking. John C. Lennox presents his logical arguments without any malice and sometimes he is lol funny. I lost track of all the times I laughed while reading this erudite work.

I will say this, John C. Lennox has no patience for logical incoherence and points it out when he finds it.

So do we have to choose between God and science? John Lennox does not seem to think so and shows how more scientists in the past did believe in God.

This book delves into such topics as M-theory, relativism, free will, scientific determinism and reductionism. John Lennox is well versed in philosophy and science and his conclusions make logical sense. So if you want to know what Stephen Hawking believes this book is a good start besides reading his books. John C. Lennox brings a voice of reason to the debate between theism and atheism.

~The Rebecca Review