» » Leon Trotsky on France (English and Russian Edition)

Download Leon Trotsky on France (English and Russian Edition) epub

by Leon Trotsky

Download Leon Trotsky on France (English and Russian Edition) epub
ISBN: 0913460656
ISBN13: 978-0913460658
Category: Politics
Subcategory: Politics & Government
Author: Leon Trotsky
Language: English Russian
Publisher: Pathfinder Pr; 1st edition (June 1, 1979)
Pages: 272 pages
ePUB size: 1311 kb
FB2 size: 1802 kb
Rating: 4.3
Votes: 676
Other Formats: rtf lrf lrf mobi

More than a history text, this is a compelling day-by-day analysis of the great political developments in France during the 1930s depression-- and incisive arguments for what working class parties needed-- and failed -- to do to fight their way victoriously out of the crisis. The brutal economic depression and the crisis of capitalist political rule, the approaching world war, the fascist uprising in 1934, the rise of Bonapartist-police state regimes, the great workers strike wave of 1936, the stakes in organizing a workers militia, the political basis for alliances in working class struggles-- all are explained clearly and logically, with the aim of helping working people understand and organize to defend their interests.
Trotsky writes with the experience of a leader of the 1917 Russian Revolution and the early years of building an international communist workers movement. He was particularly familiar with the French workers movement from years in exile before 1917, and spent time in France in the 1930s after being expelled from the Soviet Union by Stalin and his henchmen-- this experience helping him give rich political detail to his writings.
Above all, the questions posed here do not belong just to the 1930s. The perspectives of the capitalists, the petty-bourgeoisie, the workers and the peasants, and the question of leadership of the working class, of the forging of a revolutionary party with a correct program and the confidence to act are issues for today and tomorrow. Trotsky's writings here are invaluable in helping understand and organize in today's world.
In this book, Leon Trotsky, co-leader with V.I. Lenin of the Russian Revolution, explains that fascism cannot be defeated at the ballot box, but only in the streets, by a united front of the workers leading oppressed nationalities,farmers, and whatever middle class layers who can be persuaded, in mortal combat with the fascist thugs.He goes on to explain the nuts and bolts of this fight : without a revolutionary workers party to lead this united front, pointing the fighting masses toward taking power out of the hands of the fascists' paymasters--the capitalist superwealthy class-- the united front cannot be built.In short the working people must step over and through the fascist threat , in combat, on the way to making a revolution to put power in the hands of a workers and farmers government.Trotsky masterfully uses his experience as a leader of Lenin's Bolshevik Party -- the model for the party of which he speaks -- to put forward concrete proposals for action to the fighting French workers of 1936-38.The role of the political ancestors of the leaders of the reform-ist "Communist" ( Stalin-ist ) and "Socialist" Parties of today's France in betraying this fight is also examined with scientific precision.As world capitalism slides into a second Great Depression, and so toward fascism and world war, these are lessons of life-and-death importance for fighting workers, farmers, and youth of today and tommorrow in France---and the USA.
Best part of the book -- Part Two: A Program for the French Revolution. For anyone who has had to deal with trade union brass who caution that the union membership must be careful not to alienate the friendly wing of management, for anyone who has had to suffer through debates in parties such as Canada's New Democratic Party, this book helps straighten things out clearly. As Europe thrashed its way through the 1930s, socialist revolution or fascist victory was put on the agenda in country after country. Trotsky goes over all the key issues as they arose concretely in France: elections and picket lines, workers armed defense versus reliance on the middle class, the relationship of general strike to the fight for a revolutionary change in government, how to win over the farmers. He hammers away at the fact that while capitalism was degenerating before everyone's eyes, nothing was automatic, nothing would inevitably change for the better without conscious action and organization by the powerful French working class. He pointed out that he was fighting for the lives of French workers who went into the streets in strike waves, who occupied their workplaces, who fought the police and fascist gangs over and over throughout the decade. And went down to defeat. Difficult to read simply as a historical document since so many issues are of burning relevance today.
France in the 1930s was wracked by mass struggles by workers, fascist, monarchist and other right-wing conspiracies two futures: the future of war, Nazi occupation and the Petain regime that aped fascism, and a victory of workers and farmers like the one in Russia in 1917 and Cuba in 1960s. Battles went on that could have prevented World War two, prevented fascism in Spain, and more.
Trotsky's advice here is not just directed to analyzing the big questions, but also discussing how small groups of revolutionists were affected by these big events, how they could deepen their role in the mass struggle.
With war, and what some call a gathering world depression looming in front of working people around the world, the same questions before French workers in the 1930s are coming before workers, youth, farmers and others who want to fight today. We are fortunate to read these writings by Trotsky to fight to avoid a future of war and fascism.