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Download Romanian nationalism: The Legionary Movement epub

by Alexander E Ronnett

Book by Ronnett, Alexander E
Download Romanian nationalism: The Legionary Movement epub
ISBN: 0829402322
ISBN13: 978-0829402322
Category: Politics
Subcategory: Politics & Government
Author: Alexander E Ronnett
Language: English
Publisher: Romanian-American National Congress; 2nd edition (1995)
Pages: 250 pages
ePUB size: 1249 kb
FB2 size: 1696 kb
Rating: 4.2
Votes: 402
Other Formats: azw doc mobi lrf

_Romanian Nationalism: The Legionary Movement_ by Alexander Ronnett, M.D. (translated by Vasile C. Barsan, Ph.D.) is a brief introduction to the history and ideology of the Legion of the Archangel Michael, also known as the Iron Guard. The book was printed in 1974, so it is dated with the references to the Communist regime then in power in Romania.

The Legion flourished in Romania from the early 1920s until 1941, when Gen. Antonescu, with the backing of Hitler, threw the Legion out of power. Essentially the Legion was a reaction against the forces destroying Romania after WWI, particularly exploitation of Romania's rural peasantry and urban workers, international communism and the menace of the Soviet Union. Its founder, Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, was a very charismatic individual who shaped the movement along his personal guidelines. Ronnett notes on pages 3-4 that the Legion was infused with Christian faith. The Legion of the Archangel Michael was the only political movement of the time that saw itself, and was structured along the lines of a religious/spiritual movement as opposed to political movement.

The Legion was fiercely anti-Jewish, as many of the leftist and anti-national agitators in Romania (and around the world for that matter) were Jewish. According to Ronnett, the Legion's anti-Semitism was not due to any specific racial-hatred against Jews for them being Jews, nor was it a specific attack on Jewish religion. Ronnett does not mention the parts of Codreanu's own book, _Pentru Legionari_ (_For My Legionaries_) where Codreanu attacks the Jewish religion for its hatred and disparagement of non-Jews.

Ronnett elaborates on the Legion's ideology, which he notes is different from Nazism in that Codreanu did not embrace Hitler's racialist views. Instead, the Legion based its principles on the defense of the nation and on an explicitly Orthodox Christian spirituality. Codreanu viewed nations as not mere human creations or social contracts, but rather as divine entities created by God. The Legion did not advocate any program of foreign expansion or conquest. The Legion of the Archangel Michael was founded on the Archangel's feast day on the Orthodox calendar. One of the reasons for the Legion's success was that it glorified work, and developed a network of voluntary work camps around Romania during the late 1920s and 1930s. This appealed to the peasants who were able to receive assistance from Legionary volunteers who aided with public works projects. Ronnett also covers in some detail why Codreanu rejected democracy as a corrupt form of government.

The last part of the book explains the three sets of persecutions that the Legion faced. The first was during the 1930s under King Carol. In November 1938 Codreanu and thirteen other of the most prominent leaders in the movement were strangled Carol's attempt to solidify power. The second persecution broke out from 1941 through 1944 under Antonescu's regime, which overthrew the Legionary government of Bucharest in early 1941 with German assistance. The third persecution was under the Communist government imposed on Romania by the victorious Soviets in 1945.
Clear mind. Unbiased. Full of truth. Yes, during the communist era, this is what was learned from a genuine history teacher during the 11-grade.