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Download Oedipus and Akhnaton: Myth and History epub

by Immanuel Velikovsky

Velikovsky connects the events recounted in the Oedipus cycle with those of the Egyptian King Akhnaton, considered the first monotheist, father of King Tutankhamen. Illustrated.
Download Oedipus and Akhnaton: Myth and History epub
ISBN: 0671831933
ISBN13: 978-0671831936
Category: History
Subcategory: World
Author: Immanuel Velikovsky
Language: English
Publisher: Pocket Books; First Printing - First Thus edition (September 1980)
ePUB size: 1470 kb
FB2 size: 1990 kb
Rating: 4.9
Votes: 917
Other Formats: mbr lrf txt lrf

This book can be read separately from Velikovsky's other famous and controversial works like Worlds in Collision, Ages in Chaos or Peoples of the Sea as it is not dependent on the chronological sequence of the others. The reign of Akhnaton is considered one of the most interesting periods in the history of ancient Egypt and has inspired many books, but this work by Velikovsky still remains the most fascinating. As far as we know, the religious reform of Akhnaton was abolished, his line died out and his city was abandoned. Velikovsky attempts to elucidate the end of this king, the fate of his two young successors Smenkhare and Tutankhamen, the decline of the kingdom and the fate of Thebes, at the hand of the legends that came down to us from the Greeks. Although his work is controversial, in this book he makes a very strong case for the origin of the Oedipus myth being the true history of Akhnaton and his family. The mysterious relationships, the enigmatic sequence of events and the strange finds in the graves are no longer secret and obscure when illuminated by the legend. The known history in fact ties in perfectly with the details of the legend. Furthermore, the Oedipus legend does not fall into the category of myths that reflect events in nature, because its human character is too obvious. Whatever you think of Velikovsky's alternative history, this book is beautifully written, highly engaging and never less than fascinating in its scope and detail. He even identifies Antigone as Meritaten, the half-sister and wife of Smenkhare, partly based on a beautiful poem inscribed in gold foil that was found under the feet of a mummy in an undisturbed tomb. This moving prayer or word of parting ends with the lines: "Give me thy hands that hold thy soul/I shall embrace and live by it/Call me by name again, again, forever/And never will it sound without response." The text is illumined with 40 black & white plates, including limestone heads of Nefertete and Meritaten, gold coffins and masks of Tutankhamen, the sphinx and the Memmon colossi. "Oedipus and Akhnaton" is a must for those interested in ancient Egypt, in alternative history or in the origin of ancient myths and legends.
I purchased this book while I was waiting for Ages in Chaos to arrive. We never stop learning and that's what I like about Velikovsky. He presents things that you may not know. Here, he makes a case for Akhnaton being the mythological Oedipus. Not exactly the thread I was looking for (see Worlds in Collision) but interesting enough.
I am both a fan and critic of Velikovsky. His ideas on the electric universe and catastrophism are excellent. On the other hand, his ideas on revised chronology are hard to swallow, as are those of his "disciples." So I did not know what to expect, but the Egyptology crowd are not so nice or credible themselves at time and I always seek out alternative viewpoints. So I held my breath and bought this at Amazon.

I was amazed and astonished. I do not fully subscribe to all is ideas on this but I do think he has hit upon something substantial. Greeks were, in my mind, great borrowers of other cultures, themselves mixing with others as they came down into Greece from the north and east. Velikovsky makes many astute detailed observations I have never heard before but being a well read student of Egyptology, I recognized it all as having much validity. Egyptologists tend to ignore that they can not explain and the Amarna period is not without may challenges. Recent DNA tests and x-rays and the like have helped to solve mysteries that would change some of V's ideas, but not enough to refute his basic premise, that the "myth" of Oedipus is largely based on the life of Akhenaten and his court and family.

This was published in 1960 and yet, it is still relevant and useful today, some 50 years later. If you have an interest in the Amarna period, you simply can not afford to ignore this book. Even if you don't agree that much with V, you will get a new perspective on things. That's what learning is for, right?
The legends and history that make up these incredible stories are brought together magisterially by Velikovsky. They are woven together and narrated in great storytelling that make this a very enjoyable read whether or not these characters have fascinated you before. The hardcover edition has many photographs.
There is so much in this book which rings true as to a possible comparative history. The horrible detail of Oedipus putting out his own eyes may have a strange parallel to Akhnaton supposedly causing his father's name to be chiseled off some inscriptions, and also that the priests under King Ay caused the name of Akhnaton to be chiseled off of most of their occurrences in Egypt. In a way, Akhnaton's image was put out from anyone's eyes. Also, in the later time of pharaohs Ramses II and Seti I, chronological hieroglyphs of the Eighteenth dynasty in Egypt go from Amenhotep III directly to Horemheb, omitting the pharaohs Akhnaton and Tutankhaton/Tutankhamen. Perhaps SOMETHING happened during this historical time more horrible than simply Akhnatons' changing the main God from Amun to the Aton and King Tut's priests changing the religion back to that of worshipping Amun.
Book was a little more dated than anticipated. Received promptly and on schedule per shipping time given. Was a gift for my husband, but he didn't really find the book interesting.
Velikovsky,who was truly an "original" the like of which only passes this way once, proves to the reader that the ancient Greek myth of Oedipus was actually based on the true life story of Akhnaton ,the pharoah who is known as the first monotheist. The story is strange evocative and poignant. I think there should be a Velikovsy revival !