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Download Homer and Classical Philology epub

by Friedrich Nietzsche

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (October 15, 1844 - August 25, 1900) was a German philosopher. His writing included critiques of religion, morality, contemporary culture, philosophy, and science, using a distinctive style and displaying a fondness for aphorism. Nietzsche's influence remains substantial within and beyond philosophy, notably in existentialism and postmodernism.
Download Homer and Classical Philology epub
ISBN: 1594629757
ISBN13: 978-1594629754
Category: History
Subcategory: World
Author: Friedrich Nietzsche
Language: English
Publisher: Book Jungle (July 20, 2007)
Pages: 48 pages
ePUB size: 1894 kb
FB2 size: 1772 kb
Rating: 4.9
Votes: 720
Other Formats: mobi rtf txt mbr

This is an extremely early work, and, I would argue, far from brilliant. The translation, too, seems merely adequate. N says the Iliad and the Odessy are the work of a single poet, but that poet was not Homer, since "Homer" is a myth. So, perhaps at the time, there were theories that these poems were assembled from "oral ballads," but the young professor does not really make a case for what he asserts. Three stars. We Philologists Complete Works of Friedrich Nietzsche, Volume 8, another early work, is ten or twenty times better.
Spoken at Basel University in 1869 as an inaugural address, Nietzsche seeks to display his philosophy regarding philology – he was certainly the prior first – and concerns himself much with, in the process, the Homeric Question (Who was Homer? One or multiple people? Did he compose both the Odyssey and The Iliad? Under what conditions?, etc. – it relates to the doubt that one individual could compose both the works aforementioned.) and especially, this work acts as a defense of the generally unpopular notion that the Odyssey and Iliad were written by many people, not the singularity known as ‘Homer’, but also that the source of the beauty of either work lies in their aesthetic arrangement.

From the start, the translator posits, as early as 1910 – ‘At the present day no clear and consistent opinion seems to be held regarding Classical Philology.’ (3) And concerning the, as Nietzsche, would state: history, natural science and aesthetics of the business, it is clear the world feels very removed from him regarding the importance of philology, mostly due to ‘a general relaxation of interest’ (22). When was the last time you conversed with anybody about Philology?... Thought so.

I believe the firing point for Nietzsche in this work was ‘Schiller upbraided the philologists with having scattered Homer’s laurel crown to the winds.’ (45) He at once attempts to quell the dissent amongst the philological ranks and dictates positions he finds inherent to the field. First, is that philology is already, for most intents and purposes, a dead science – it chases its tail in longing to return to Greek and Roman antiquity, it’s a science only of woe. He then begins taking topic with ‘the Homeric Question’.

To get a good feeling for how philology were to treat an issue, Nietzsche writes of the validity of Homer as a person, as a group of people or anything related to the historicity of the Iliad or the Odyssey, and the just credence given to or withheld them, and that also given the multitude of conceptual Homers. His prerogative as he delves deeper into the question: ‘What was meant by “Homer” at that time?... Was the person created out of a conception, or the conception out of a person? This is the real “Homeric question,” the central problem of the personality.” (119)

Nietzsche points out that popular belief holds that one single individual, Homer, wrote the Iliad. And in popular Western culture Homer did indeed write both the Iliad & the Odyssey.

In arguing his belief that there were many people involved in writing the Odyssey and Iliad, Nietzsche states: ‘The sum total of aesthetic singularity which every individual scholar perceived with his own artistic gifts, he now called Homer. This is the central point of the Homeric errors.’ (197) What Nietzsche feels is the ultimate concern, is that: while the works were written by many men, the manner in which it was composed was aesthetically pleasing, and this was the goal – ‘a collection of reflections arranged in accordance with aesthetic rules.’ (218) Because this art was not highly developed thus was it held in such esteem.
Risky Strong Dromedary
Everything Nietzsche wrote that I've read is compelling, and I've read quite a bit. His tone in this work was subdued but his analysis still razor sharp.
The substance is of little consequence, but it's a quick read that gives the reader a glimpse into how his mind worked.
It is FREE! How can free be bad!!!!! THANK YOU!
It's classic. Everything to like.
Wow. This lecture is perfectly refreshing and provocative - its insights into the determination of Homer certaintly deserve to be lauded for their originality and ingenuity [esp. keeping the period in time]. Highly recommended. I also recommend We Philologists by the same - it is also available for free here.