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by René Goulaine de Laudonnière

SIGNED By Bennett with note. Owner's book plate. Accounts of Laudonniere's exploration of South Carolina & Florida in the 1500's. Translated into Modern English my Charles E. Bennett, notable Florida Congressman & Historian. Pg edges lightly foxed, DJ has very slight edgeware shelfware.
Download Three voyages epub
ISBN: 0813004233
ISBN13: 978-0813004235
Category: History
Subcategory: Americas
Author: René Goulaine de Laudonnière
Language: English
Publisher: University Presses of Florida; First edition (1975)
Pages: 232 pages
ePUB size: 1322 kb
FB2 size: 1671 kb
Rating: 4.9
Votes: 336
Other Formats: lit azw lit docx

First hand history is usually best. This book is a treasure and one of the only contemporary accounts of Florida of the 1500s. Of course the author is coloring his reports to enhance his image but his story rings with truth. Cabeza de Vaca's book on the tragic Panfilo de Navarez expedition of 1528, The DeSoto chronicles, testimonies of Fontenada, and this book are a must for anyone studying early Florida History. Also there are some accounts from folks who arrived with Pedro Menedez De Aviles in 1565. Anyway, this is the best account I have read of early contact Native Americans after De Vaca. Laudonniere seems to have been a weak leader compared to the Great, but ruthless, warrior DeSoto, the Sadistic murderous Psychopath Navarez, or the cunning and villanious Pedro Menedez. Anyway, you don't know early Florida history until you add this book to your knowledge.
Since writing the original review, our organization found that all French, Spanish and English maps place Fort Caroline near the mouth of the Altamaha River in Georgia. We recently found a passage in "The Travels of William Bartram" where he visited the ruins of Fort Caroline on the Altamaha River. Using Bartram's descriptions and satellite imagery, we found the footprint of Fort San Mateo, which was built on top of Fort Caroline. Therefore, the book is really about the Native Americans of Georgia and South Carolina, not Florida. The Fort Caroline at Jacksonville is a fake that was built after Florida archaeologists were unable to find the site of the real fort in Florida. Now we know why. The books is still a very valuable resource.

It is the biggest secret of early North American history. In 1562, 1563 and 1564 French Huguenot colonists, based near present day Beaufort, SC, went on numerous expeditions into the interior of what is now South Carolina, Georgia and North Carolina. One journey into the mountains of Georgia and western North Carolina lasted five months. On that expedition, the French named the Georgia and North Carolina Mountains, "Les Montes Apalachien" in honor of their Apalachee Indian inhabitants. These Apalachee later became a division of the Creek Indian Confederacy.

The translated memoir of René Goulaine de Laudonnière, Captain of the colony, brings those expeditions to life. It also describes in detail the last days of the French colonies in South Carolina and Florida. The South Carolina colony was abandoned because of starvation, while Fort Caroline, on the St. John's River in Florida, was massacred by the Spanish.

In stark contrast to Hernando de Soto's passage through the North Carolina Mountains in the spring of 1540, the French enjoyed very friendly relations with the natives of the Southern Highlands. The Spanish generally treated Natives brutally, while the French Protestants treated them as equals. René Goulaine de Laudonnière describes intimate details of the lifestyles of the various peoples he met, usually from a very sympathetic perspective. He was also a botanist, so the reader is introduced to the early encounters with North American plant species by Europeans.

De Laudonnière's big mistake was becoming involved with a war between two Native American provinces. However, his indiscretion provides the reader with eyewitness accounts of Native American warfare prior to the availability of European firearms. The reader is also given eyewitness accounts of the Apalachee Indian (Muskogean) inhabitants of northern Georgia mining and working gold. Apparently, the Apalachee towns in the North Carolina Mountains mined some silver, and another tribe in Tennessee harvested copper nuggets from the surface. De Laudonnière states that his men observed silver and copper ore in these regions, but does not go into details.

Why are the French Huguenot expeditions into the Southeast's interior not mentioned in most history books? These expeditions claimed the region for the King of France. Spain also claimed the Georgia gold-bearing mountains, but did not establish a trading post there until 1646. Thirty years later, France and Great Britain began a second Hundred Years War for control of the Southeast. Maps printed on the Mainland of Europe generally labeled South Carolina and the Georgia Mountains as Florida Francaise. These maps clearly stated that the gold-bearing Appalachian Mountains were discovered in 1562 by the French and claimed by the King of France. Maps produced for or by Great Britain did not mention the French expeditions.

In the early 1700s British Crown officials organized 14 tribes in SW Virginia, Tennessee and western Carolina into a new tribe they called the Cherokees. The Cherokees soon occupied the lands in North Carolina that had been lived on for centuries by tribes allied with France, such as the Shawnees. Great Britain won the French and Indian War in 1763. To the victor goes the spoils. The United States inherited maps that presented the British Crown's perspective of North American history. Any aboriginal tribes who had been French allies were deleted from the region's collective memory.

This book is recommended highly to any person interested in the early history of the Southeastern United States and its indigenous peoples. It is far more readable and credible than the translations of the de Soto and Juan Pardo Expeditions.

Richard L. Thornton
National Architecture & Native American History columist for the Examiner
Author of "Itsapa: the Itza Mayas in North America."
Sadly, I had never heard of Rene Laudonniere until I stumbled upon this wonderful book by Charles Bennett that is mainly a translation from French of a first person, eyewitness account, in journal form, of a major participant in an attempt to establish a French colony in North America in 1565. I found this book while researching the Timucua Indians who lived in north central Florida during the time that these journals were written and Laudonniere's vivid descriptions of the Timucua villages and tribes with whom he had contact during three separate voyages to the "New World" provide immense value for the research on the historical novel that I am working on now. This book is the true story of an adventure that is almost to amazing to believe. As a reader you can step back in time and experience first hand, the trials and tribulations of one of the greatest adventures in the history of our nation. A read well worth your time!
Started out slow and got a lot more exciting towards the end with mutinies, famine, visits from English privateers and Spanish assaults. Unfortunately, this book doesn't include the account of the French revenge attack by Dominique de Gourgues. This is a short book and this account would have rounded it out nicely. The editor, Bennett, says he purposely excluded it in order to emphasize that this book is by Laudonniere. What rubbish!

Anyway, the illustrations are nice. But the lengthy appendix listing plant life in the area during the 16th century is bizarre and useless. Hard to understand its inclusion.

I bought the hardbound edition. It was quite cheap. I don't think the paperback edition is so much better that it justifies the extra expense.
What could be more authentic than a first-hand account? This book consists of the journal of René Laudonniére who was on the first three voyages of the French to Florida. The descriptions of the natives and their culture and life-styles are from the view of a European seeing the new world for the first time. Interesting story of conflicts, mutinies, and hardship as well as attempts at understanding, and misunderstanding. This is interesting to anyone interested in the Florida Indians, early colonization, and First Contact. There are three sides to this story. The French, the Spanish, and the natives. This is the French side of the story of First Contact and it has authenticity because it is a first person account.
Very interesting. The writing may seem strange, but it should be remembered that this is a translation from a 16th-century French writer.
very good.
Good reading