» » Christ in Christian Tradition, Vol. 2: From the Council of Chalcedon (451) to Gregory the Great (590-604) [Part 4: The Church of Alexandria With Nubia and Ethiopia]

Download Christ in Christian Tradition, Vol. 2: From the Council of Chalcedon (451) to Gregory the Great (590-604) [Part 4: The Church of Alexandria With Nubia and Ethiopia] epub

by Aloys Grillmeier,Theresia Hainthaler,John Cawte,Pauline Allen

A monumental work in scope and content, Aloys Grillmeier's Chirst in the Christian Tradition offers students and scholars a comprehensive exposition of Western writing on the history of doctrine. Volume Two covers the Council of Chalcedon (451) to Gregory the Great (590-604), with Part Four focusing on the Church of Alexandria.

Download Christ in Christian Tradition, Vol. 2: From the Council of Chalcedon (451) to Gregory the Great (590-604) [Part 4: The Church of Alexandria With Nubia and Ethiopia] epub
ISBN: 0664223001
ISBN13: 978-0664223007
Category: Bibles
Subcategory: Theology
Author: Aloys Grillmeier,Theresia Hainthaler,John Cawte,Pauline Allen
Language: English
Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press; Volume 2 edition (January 1995)
Pages: 456 pages
ePUB size: 1532 kb
FB2 size: 1196 kb
Rating: 4.8
Votes: 380
Other Formats: mbr mobi lrf txt

Throw her heart
N.B. This review refers only to Volume 2: Part Four.

This complex work is a detailed discussion of the doctrine of Christ in Egypt after the council of Chalcedon that was rejected by the "Monophysites" of Alexandria, as well as the more southern African kingdoms of Nubia and Ethiopia where Alexandrian Christology was and is still maintained. If Coptic and Ethiopian Christology is your main concern then this is an invaluable resource.

If you are more interested in Christology after Chalcedon inside the Roman empire then seek out:

Volume Two Part One: "The Development of the discussion about Chalcedon."

Volume Two Part Two: "The Church of Constantinople in the Sixth Century."

Volume Two Part Three: "The Churches of Jerusalem and Antioch."

Grillmeier's five volume opus with the aid of other experts is quite an accomplishment. But Volume Two Part Four regarding Monophysite Christology of Alexandria and Ethiopia will be of most value to only the most interested of parties.
Two great Roman Catholic Coptologist; Professors Tito Orlandi and Hans Quecke, SJ who advised the creation of this work, supported with the scholarship and devotion of Dr. T. Hainthaler, an established researcher and outstanding contributor.

In a unique vivid representation Grillmeier and Hainthaler recount novel Church history
in a colorful variety of theological essays about commentators, philosophers, patriarchs, and poets. The expedition starts after Chalcedon, advancing south up the Nile in a Coptic province of the White monastery. We appreciate Coptic literature influenced by Shenute, his Christology and Coptic liturgy.

The christianizing history of the Sudan is accorded and appraised with remark about the speciality of Nubian arts and liturgy. The holy expedition take us up the Nile to Ethiopia, where a unique example of Judaic mnemo history and Jewish Christianity synthasis are demonstrated here to after the advent of Islam.the reader encounters a vivid scenic of the beliefs and rituals.

The Church of Alexandria & its Christology
By TheoGnostus, October 2004
This review is from: Christ in Christian Tradition: From the Council of Chalcedon (451) to Gregory the Great (590-604), The Church of Alexandria With Nubia and Ethiopia, Vol. 2

Orthodox Christology Rediscovered
Alexandria, the loving city of Christ, and the theological megalopolis has got at last some recognition for its toil in shaping the doctrinal faith for Eastern orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism. Athanasius and Cyril were, and still are the most prominent doctors of the Church and champions of orthodoxy. Liberated scholarship after Vatican II, with renewed contacts in ecumenical dialogues, and newly available sources, evaluated christologically renewed the case.

Alexandrine Christology
In part I, the post Chalcedonian christology of the Alexandrian patriarchs who defended the 'real' incarnation, since Athanasius' Treatise "De Incarnatione Verbi Dei" , and Cyril's hypostatic union, with polemic against Leo's suspected pseudo Nestorianism. Hainthaler exposes the christological struggle after Chalcedon and prescribed ways to unity in the Henoticon. Papa Theodosius confession of faith and Mar Severus of Antioch's christological defence and theological terminology are explained.

Coptic Lay Christology
Unique in this book, is how influential was the role, as still is, and the devotion of lay Coptic scholars to the cause of faith, and how outspoken they were from Nonnus and christology of his countrymen, Cyrus, Pamprepius and the discourses of Aphrodito. Alexandrian exegetes, presbyter Ammonius and deacon Olympiodore stood on solid ground, their writings thus show.

Dr. Hainthaler chapter on John Philoponus, the innovative anti Aristotelian philosopher and genuine orthodox arbiter is the most elaborate so far on this outstanding dean of the academy, on creation ex nihilo, and defence of miaphysite orthodoxy of the hypostatic union. She refers to most of his works.

Province of Coptic Soteriology
Shenute as founder of Coptic Christology, firmly based on soteriology, is well treated from Thebaid monasticism to Atripe' exhortation, a miror of Coptic faith, two decades prior to the schismatic council and Dioscorus call for support. Here, read an articulate treatment of specifics of seraphim, Nicene faith, and Shenute witness to the Jesus prayer. Gnostic infiltration of Origenistic apocryphal 'double creation' are wonderful, in addition to delightful small 'Large' histories of Nestorius by Shenute own report, with quotations. His second christological catechesis enthrone him as the real biblical Christocentric Coptic, in the eyes of hegemon Besa his kerygmatic successor.

Liturgical Christology
Christological peculiarities of the three Coptic Anaphoras that survived liturgical ordination of the two Gabriel's II & V, is the zenith of the prevailing excellence of scholarship of this work. The anaphora of St. Gregory, the Capadocian theologos who addresses his prayers to Christ has a unique place in Coptic liturgy. His beloved fellow, St. Basil, is the author of the dominant Coptic liturgy, both christologically enlightening and their christology deserves a separate analytical treatment from Dr. G. Bebawi, Cambridge Parasitic scholar, in addition to the Coptic Synaxarion, and book of Psalmody.

New Messianic Kingdom
Parts IV (130 pages) is devoted to the fourth century kingdom of Axum; the Christians' Church of Ethiopia that preceded Europe. The Cross over Nubia; in chapter III recounts the evangelization by the Copts of Nubia, in the sixth century, forced later into Islam, recalling the West reluctance to stand firm against their Massacre in Darfur!

Theognostic appeal
Read this unparalleled work of Grillmeier eminent scholarship to learn how those sons of the Pharaos, ancestors to the remenant Coptic minority deserved to be specifically blessed by the Lord as "Egypt, my people" Isaia 19:25

Chrisological Journey in time and space, of the See of St. Mark
By Didaskalex, August 2002

This review is from: Christ in Christian Tradition: From the Council of Chalcedon (451) to Gregory the Great (590-604), The Church of Alexandria With Nubia and Ethiopia, Vol. 2

Christ in Christian Tradition
Since Adolph von Harnack's great work on History of the Dogma, there is no parallel for this ever-growing and most established reference in Chrisological history and develop-ment of doctrine on the Person of Jesus Christ. This review covers volume 2, part 4: The Church of Alexandria With Nubia and Ethiopia

Late Cardinal Grillmeier reevaluates the alternative Orthodox, albeit mystical, Christology of the great Alexandrines: Patriarchs and scholars. With the help of the able academic Dr. Hainthaler who expouds, not only the defense of Severus of Antioch, and Theodosius of Alexandria (in house arrest at Constantinople) but also the arbitration of his associate the colorful grammarian, and gifted theologian Johannes Philoponus.

Whast is new in theology?
Aloys Grillmeier is revealing in this volume new sources made available by two great Coptologists; Prof. Tito Orlandi and Dr. Hans Quecke, who supported this great work in service of a better understanding of the schism that divided the One Holy Universal Apostolic Church. For the very first time a Christology of Shenute of Atripe, and his Disciple Besa the Archimandrite of the White Monastery are reviewed for the first time.

The legendary story of faithful Nubia (in Coptic : Land of Gold) and holy Axum (Ethiopia) are treated at some elaboration, that was only attempted by the great Utah U. historian A. S. Atiya. Thus this work consecrated not only time but also space, as the Orientals are used to say.

Book Contents:
Part One: Alexandrian Christology in Greek:
Section I: Christology of the patriarchs;
1. Timothy Aerulus in rejection of Chalcedon
2. The struggle between Pro and Anti Chaledonians
3. Theodosius, Spiritual heir of Severus of Antioch
4. Two hierarchies: the Copts and Melkites

Section II: Christology of the Scholars:
1. The poet Nonnos of Panopolis
2. Two Alexegites: Ammonius and Olimpiodore
3. John Philoponus, Alexandrian Philosopher and Theologian
4. Cosmas Indicopleustes

Part Two: The Province of Coptic Christology:
1. A new source for Shenute: Founder of Coptic Christology
2. Besa: Archimandrite of the White Monastery
3. Christology in Coptic liturgical prayers

Part Three: The Cross of Christ over Nubia

Part Four: Christ in Messianic Kingdom of Ethiopia

Concluding Epilogue
This diversified though uniting book, 430 pages of ecclesiastical agony and Christological ecstasy, is a work of great Christian Scholarship who in search of true histriographic facts discovered treasures of Alexandrine Orthodoxy and Coptic faith. "Actually, it becomes increasingly embarrassing to use the term 'Monophysite' to designate these ancient Churches," concludes John Meyendroff in his Epilogue of his classic, "Imperial Unity and Christian Divisions." After less than a decade this work was translated into English to dogmatically support Fr. Meyendroff and all the blessed Dyophisite Chaledonians.
"Probably in no other early church mission field, outside the 'fertile crescent', do we find such peculiar geographical and cultural conditions for proclaiming of the gospel of Jesus Christ as in the long stretch of the Nile valley from the Delta to the Ethiopian highland."-- Alois Grillmeier

This volume of "Christ in Christian Tradition" extends the comprehensive work of Alois Cardinal Grillmeier, and his associates, on the early Alexandrine history of Christology, before the advent of Islam. A consideration underlying the entire volumes is whether the lay reader seeking to understand the non Chalcedonian position in his own terms, of Roman Catholic faith. In part one, his discussion of Severus of Antioch, as a brilliant disciple of Cyril of Alexandria, in stalwart opposition of Chalcedon, enacting Egyptian and Syrian churches refusal to join diophysitism !

Grillmeier expounds what had developed in Egypt after the Council of Chalcedon, AD 451, to the advance of Islam. The text covers a variety of theological work by Coptic exegetes, philosophers poets, and others, contributing to the reader inlightenment with a vivid description of the development of Christian faith in Alexandria, and covers the southern kingdoms to the conquest of Islam. The narrative begins in the megalopolis of Alexandria, and travels south the Nile valley kingdoms leading to Ethiopia, where an extraordinary synthesis exists of Judaism and Christianity.

Four chapters offer substantial Christological studies, published for the first time in an integral treatment of the Alexandrine Church. Chapters on John Philoponus, Cosmas Indicopleustes, Shenute of Atripe, and Besa offer the reader a unique picture of the state of Christian faith in Alexandria and upper Egypt's Pachomian monasteries, before the Islamic conquest. Chapter 2, in both section I & II, have been collected, and edited extensively, by Theresia Hainthaler, Grillmeier's associate and book's co-editor, whose research was very effective, and helpful for Coptic scholars.

The authors were tactful, reviewing Cyril's mia-physis formul, hypostatic union and Christology, versus Eutyches mono-physitism, but translated 'one united nature' of Christ as 'one composite nature'. "The brilliant investigations of Halleux has put judgments about the council of Chalcedon on a new footing ...On the basis of detailed analysis of the texts and sources (accepted by Grillmeier, Ritter and Abramowski), Halleux has shown that the council's definition contains no more than two word-for-word quotations from Leo's tome, a Leonine 'thorn in the flesh."--Cardinal Kasper, Theology & The Church

One way to explore the wide coverage of this fine work is to just list the variety of subjects, that the avid reader will enjoy the book's in depth treatment of the soteriological aspects of Cyril's Alexandrine theological genius.
Part I, Alexandrian Greek Christology
Christology of the patriarchs: rejection of Chalcedon, Theodosius of Alexandria, Melkites.
Christology of the scholars: exegetes & Poets, John Philoponus, Cosmas indicopleustes
Part II, The province of Coptic Christology
Founder Shenute, exhortations as faith, Origenistic infiltration, Shenute and Nestorius
In the light and shadow of the master: Archimandrite Besa
Christology in Coptic church liturgical prayer
Part III, The cross of christ over Nubia
part IV, Christ in a new messianic kingdom of Ethiopia
Axum, non-Chaledonian kingdom, Ethiopian Christian faith, Jewish motifs, Jesus in worship